What you can claim for if you are ill or disabled
Employment and Support Allowance (ESA)
ESA offers financial support if you're ill or disabled and unable to work.
There are two types of ESA:
- contribution-based ESA (usually you'll get this if you have paid enough National Insurance contributions)
- means tested ESA (usually you'll get this if you have a low income)
You'll need to supply a medical certificate.
Whilst on ESA you won't have to actively seek work. However, you may have to take part in work preparation activities, and you could be sanctioned if you don't.
Means tested ESA will eventually be replaced with Universal Credit.
Statutory Sick Pay (SSP)
If you're an employee and too ill to work you may get SSP. It's paid by your employer and can be paid for up to 28 weeks.
You may also be entitled to: