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Sickness benefits

What you can claim for if you are ill or disabled

Employment and Support Allowance (ESA)

ESA offers financial support if you are ill or disabled and unable to work.

There are two types of ESA:

  • contribution-based ESA (usually you'll get this if you have paid enough National Insurance contributions)
  • income-related ESA (usually you'll get this if you have a low income)

You'll need to supply a medical certificate. Your capability to work will be assessed, and you will be put into one of two groups if you're entitled:

  • work related activity group
  • support group

How much you'll get depends on which group you're in and how old you are.

For more information see Employment and Support Allowance on GOV.UK (opens in a new window)

Statutory Sick Pay (SSP)

If you're too ill to work you may get SSP. You can get £89.35 per week for up to 28 weeks.

To qualify you must:

  • be classed as an employee
  • have been ill for at least 4 days in a row
  • earn at least £112 (before tax) per week

For more information see Statutory Sick Pay on GOV.UK (opens in a new window)