Frequently Asked Questions - Listed Buildings

This page answers some of your most common questions about historic buildings.

 

Frequently asked questions

What is the difference between Grade I, Grade II* & Grade II?

Who decides whether or not a building should be listed or de-listed?

How can I find out if my building is listed?

What is a list description?

How can I get a copy of my list description?

Is the whole of my building included in the listing?

What is listed building consent?

Do I need listed building consent to...

How can I apply for Listed Building consent?

What about VAT on works to my Listed Building?

What happens if unauthorised works are carried out on a Listed Building?

Can the Council take any action if a listed building falls into disrepair?

Where can I get advice on repair/restoration work?

Are there any grants available for repairs to a Listed Building?

 

What is the difference between Grade I, Grade II* & Grade II?

  • Grade I - of exceptional national architectural or historic importance
  • Grade II* - of particular national importance & special interest

Both Grade I and II* listed buildings are of great importance to the nation’s built heritage and their importance will generally be beyond dispute.

 

Grade II listed buildings are of special architectural or historic interest and make up about 94% of all listed buildings.

 

Who decides whether or not a building should be listed or de-listed?

 

The Secretary of State for Culture Media and Sport is responsible for compiling the statutory list of buildings of special architectural or historic interest.

 

Anyone can apply to have a building listed. Applications should be sent to English Heritage, who administers the application process and provides expert advice to the Secretary of State on which buildings meet the criteria for listing. Further information is available on the English Heritage website. 

 

How can I find out if a building is listed?

 

A list of listed buildings in the King’s Lynn and West Norfolk area is available to view.  Alternatively, the English Heritage Listed Buildings Online website contains details of all listed buildings in the country.  Please remember that property names do change and you may need to search under a previous name or number.

 

What is a list description?

 

A list description is a report which identifies a building by giving a history of the structure and a description of the historical features and character of the building.

 

How can I get a copy of a list description?

 

On the Engish Heritage Listed Buildings Online Website.  Searches can be made in several different ways (i.e. Parish/Street/House Name or No. etc.).  Please remember that property names can change so it is worth checking that the description is the correct one for the property you are searching for.

 

Is the whole of the building included in the listing?

 

Yes. The whole building is listed and that includes the inside as well as the outside and also any object or structure fixed to the building.  The area of land around a listed building within the boundaries is called the ‘curtilage’ and any pre 1st July 1948 building or structure within this area is also deemed to be listed as are the boundary walls, railings, gates and possibly garden features.

 

What is listed building consent?

 

Listed Building Consent is needed for any work to be carried out to a listed building that would affect its special character and/or appearance in any way. It is a criminal offence to carry out such works without consent.

 

Do I need listed building consent to...

  • Repair windows/doors – No, providing they are carried out in a like-for-like manner but if there are changes in materials, appearance or in some cases colour, consent may be required.
  • Replace windows/doors - Yes, even if the new windows/doors are to be of the exact same design, material and finish.
  • Build a conservatory, porch or extension – Yes if attached to the main building or curtilage buildings. Planning permission may also be required.
  • Build a separate building or structure within the curtilage – No, but planning permission may be required.
  • Install a satellite dish – Yes, if the dish is to be erected on any part of the building or curtilage buildings. Planning permission may also be required.
  • Repaint the exterior of the property – Yes, if the building has not been painted before or if the proposed new colour affects the character and appearance of the building.
  • Repair/replace the roof covering – No, providing the repairs or replacement roof covering are done using exactly the same material. Where possible existing pantiles/tiles/slates should be re-used. Consent may be required if there are any proposed changes to the roof timbers or structure or to the appearance of the roof as part of re-roofing works.
  • Put up a fence, wall or install gates within the curtilage of a listed building – If the structure is to be attached to the main building or any curtilage building, then Listed Building Consent may be required.  Planning permission may also be required.
  • Do I need consent to demolish any structure or building within the curtilage of a Listed Building? - Yes.  Listed Building Consent will be required for any proposed demolition to any part of a Listed Building or any structure within the curtilage.  If the building is within a Conservation Area, Conservation Area Consent may also be required for any proposed demolition.
  • Do I need permission to fit solar panels or wind turbines to a Listed Building? -

    Consent will be required to fit any renewable technology devices to a listed building as in most cases they need to be fixed to the building which may change the character and/or appearance.  We also need to ensure that any installations do not unnecessarily disturb or destroy historic fabric and ensure that there is minimum intervention and that any work is reversible, should the devices need to be removed in the future.  Installation of renewable technology devices may also need planning permission.

     

    Useful English Heritage documents are available to download:

     

    Small scale solar thermal energy and traditional buildings

    Micro wind generation and traditional buildings

If you are not sure whether or not the works you wish to carry out require listed building consent then you should contact us on the number below.

 

How can I apply for Listed Building consent?

 

Listed Building Consent forms can be downloaded from this website or you can apply online. If you also need planning permission for your proposal, then the two separate applications should be submitted together.

 

What about VAT on works to a Listed Building?

 

Where listed building consent is required for works then VAT could be 'zero rated', providing the building is designed as a dwelling or used for qualifying residential or non-business charity purposes (or is being converted to such use). As consent is not normally required for general repairs and maintenance, these works would be subject to VAT at the normal rate.

 

For more detailed information on VAT and listed buildings you should contact HM Customs & Excise, tel: 01603 704200

 

What happens if unauthorised works are carried out on a Listed Building?

 

It is a criminal offence to carry out works to a listed building which affects its character and appearance without our prior approval. If you do, you could be liable to prosecution, and/or be made to change what you have done. The maximum penalty could include imprisonment and unlimited fines.

 

Can the Council take any action if a listed building falls into disrepair?

 

Yes. There are powers we can use to require owners to carry out urgent repairs to safeguard the future of a building and prevent further damage. In certain cases we can apply to ‘Compulsory Purchase’ a listed building.

 

Where can I get advice on repair/restoration work?

 

The Conservation Officer is available to offer advice and guidance on repair and restoration works to Listed Buildings. If you require any information then please telephone the number below. Information is also available on the websites listed under Related External Links on the right hand side of this page.

 

Are there any grants available for repairs to a Listed Building?

 

The Borough Council does not offer any grants for the repair or maintenance of historic buildings within West Norfolk.  However, grants may be available from other sources.

 

If you have any queries relating to any of the above areas, please contact:
 
Conservation Team
Development Services

Borough Council of King's Lynn & West Norfolk

King's Court

Chapel Street

King's Lynn

Norfolk

PE30 1EX

 

Telephone Number for Conservation Officer: 01553 616200

 

Last updated: 03 November 2014
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